Etosha National Park is one of Africa’s premier wildlife reserves: plenty of big game against the scenic backdrop of Etosha’s salt pans, pink with flamingos in the wet season.


Etosha National Park in the north of Namibia is one of the finest game parks in Southern Africa. It’s certainly one of Namibia’s most iconic destinations. Etosha means ‘Great White Place’ in Herero, an apt description of this huge park that encloses a vast saltpan. Dry and shimmering for most of the year, the pan fills with water after good rains. It forms an immense, shallow lake attracting great numbers of flamingos and other water birds. In the dry season wildlife is attracted to perennial springs and waterholes offering a much-needed water source for the high numbers of animals.

During the dry season in Etosha (which is generally from late April to mid November), the flat open plains are home to tens of thousands of animals. Large herds of springbok, gemsbok, zebra, wildebeest, giraffe and elephant gather around these waterholes. The ever-hungry predators follow them – particularly cheetah and lion. The diminutive Damara dik-dik is one of the rarer, but delightful, sightings in Etosha. Raptors such as the bateleur eagle, pale chanting goshawk and red-necked falcon are fairly common.

An Etosha safari can be undertaken using your rental car. Or you can stay at one of the private game lodges on the edge of Etosha and join their guided game drives.

Note that after the first summer rains (typically sometime in November), much of the game moves away from these waterholes and nearby plains, which have been eaten to almost nothing. They head for the open plains in the north of the reserve which will now have a fresh supply of new grass. Here you cannot follow, as there are no roads.

Thus game-viewing on an Etosha safari will be noticeably quieter during this time. It is still worth a visit as many plains species remain on the southern plains. Plus this is the time they give birth to the season’s young after the sporadic rains. But don’t expect vast herds of game, especially elephant.

Tour Highlights

  • Stay in the only camp inside the world’s 4th largest National Park
  • Climb some of the world’s highest free-standing sand dunes
  • Track for desert-adapted elephants in ephemeral river systems
  • A site visit at the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Twyfelfontein
  • Visit a Himba settlement
  • Visit the world renowned AfriCat Foundation and learn more about conservation initiatives involving Africa’s large cats


Why you may love it

  • Best ‘classic’ game-viewing area in Namibia
  • Large herds of elephant and plains game
  • Mixed animal sightings at waterholes, especially in the dry season
  • Good concentrations of predators especially lion
  • Etosha salt pans are a sight to see after good rains

Explore the Etosha map

When to visit Etosha

Mid-November to March

Rainy season

This is the rainy season in Etosha. The start of the rains heralds the low season in Etosha as the wildlife can disperse widely across the vast northern plains (and no longer need to come to the waterholes to drink.) Some even leave the park and head north into Ovamboland. So it’s not the ideal time for an Etosha safari. However in some years after good rains, the Pans actually fill with water which attracts flocks of flamingos. It’s a beautiful time of year as the park is lush and green, animals are being born and the skies are dramatic.
MAX TEMP 30 ℃ / 86 ℉
MIN TEMP 18 ℃ / 64 ℉

April to June

Start of the dry season

This is considered the start of the dry season as the summer rains fade away in April. The landscape is still green and lush but the grasses start dying right back. The sunsets are superb as the skies are clearer. The game-viewing is not as prolific as later in the dry season and the slightly lower safari prices reflect this. But it is still an excellent time to visit.
MAX TEMP 25 ℃ / 77 ℉
MIN TEMP 12 ℃ / 54 ℉

July to mid-September

Dry season - Best time to travel

Traditionally this is the best time to visit as the dry season continues. The grass is very short so spotting game is easy. And the animals flock to the waterholes to drink. But the safari visitors also flock! So it can get a little crowded around the waterholes. And as the dry season continues, it gets very dry and dusty on the park roads. Note that June and July night-time and early morning temperatures can be very chilly in Etosha given its semi-desert climate.
MAX TEMP 24 ℃ / 75 ℉
MIN TEMP 8 ℃ / 46 ℉

Mid -September to Early November

Warming up

Temperatures heat up quickly in late September and October prior to the start of the summer rains and easily get to 33-35C. Somewhere in late October or November, the summer rains start. This leads to a fairly dramatic change in game-viewing as the wildlife disperse across the northern plains of Etosha and away from the park roads.
MAX TEMP 33 ℃ / 91 ℉
MIN TEMP 18 ℃ / 64 ℉

Popular tours & safaris

We arrange trips to more than 100+ destinations throughout the African continent.

View More Tours & Safaris

Start planning your dream trip

Find me the best in for

Need a little help? View our Safari Guide to help you get started


View More Accommodations

Ongava Lodge

Ongava Lodge was one of the highlights of our trip with an excellent game experience.  We were welcomed and offered a delicious lunch and cold welcome drink (very welcome as it was the hottest day of our trip).  The rooms were very luxurious, with aircon and baths and each with their own veranda.  The active waterhole where we saw giraffe, zebra, eland, springbok, lion etc… was unbelievable and you could also watch the game coming to drink from the telescope on the main deck.  You really don’t  have to go on a game drive at Ongava as you can just relax with a drink and watch the game at the waterhole.

On the afternoon game drive we went rhino tracking and had an exhilarating time when we heard a lion roar behind us.  When we returned to the vehicle we spotted him – not that far from where we were!  We also saw 2 lions right next to the road when we returned to the lodge.  At Ongava a guide with a rifle accompanies you when you retire for the evening as lions are spotted frequently near the camp. Ongava is one of the few private reserves where you have a good chance to see white and black rhino. A minimum of 2-night stay will be ideal, as they will do a second game drive into Etosha on the full day in camp.

Cedarberg : Sonja Brand
Did you know
  • HistoryProclaimed a game reserve in March 1907
  • NameMeans "Great White Place" in Owambo