This is a perennial question and one worth exploring as it’s really important that you know what to expect when planning your safari.

Some people seem to think that the vast continent of Africa (as big as China, India, the USA and most of Europe put together) is somehow a homogenous mass of savanna plains and grass-hutted villages. We can blame too many Hollywood movies for that assumption…

In reality there’s a vast diversity of scenery, as well as some other practical differences between East Africa and Southern Africa safaris.


When I say South Africa, I mean the country of South Africa at the tip of Africa. When I talk of Southern Africa, I mean the region which includes South Africa but also Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi…

East Africa is mainly Kenya and Tanzania but also Uganda, Rwanda and now the Congo…




Differences between East Africa safaris versus Southern Africa safaris:

1) Scenery

At first glance, there is little to beat the majestic terrain of the Serengeti or the Ngorongoro Crater in East Africa if you are thinking of the classic picture-postcard image of Africa. Think elephants at a waterhole with the grand silhouette of Kilimanjaro in the background.

Then you also get the rainforest of Uganda and Rwanda with their mountain gorillas in the East…

Having said that, Southern Africa boasts some remarkable scenery: the watery paradise of the Okavango Delta, the purple sunsets of the Zambezi River and of course, Victoria Falls.

What this means is that one safari in Africa quickly turns into 3 or 4 over a few years.

There is no right answer. But perhaps the question you need to ask is do you want to do a straight safari or are you interested in combining a safari with other touring? This is where countries like South Africa and Namibia come into their own….


Arusha nationalpark


2) Animal sightings

There is only one Great Wildebeest Migration and that’s between the Serengeti and the Masai Mara. If your idea of the perfect safari is to drive through savanna grasslands looking at vast herds of game and its ever hopeful predators following along, then do a migration safari. Nothing else is going to come close to that experience.

But that’s not to say that you won’t have fabulous wildlife encounters in Southern Africa. Yes you are not going to see 1000’s of wildebeest but you may see vast herds of elephant or a large pride of lions.

Generally we always say that you will be amazed by the up-close and personal predator sightings in Southern Africa. Some of the private game reserves have been running safaris for decades and the animals have become habituated to the vehicles. This means that a leopard may carry on doing whatever they want to do, even though a vehicle is only a few metres away.




3) Style of Safari

In East Africa you tend to either fly from lodge to lodge or take a guided safari across country. The latter is often less expensive, and allows you to see more of the country and how it changes. If you choose to do this, your driver is usually your safari guide as well. So you may stay at a safari camp but do game drives with your ranger and so you stay at the lodge on a dinner, bed & breakfast rate.

This style of safari is very rare in Southern Africa. You will have it in Namibia but nowhere else.

In Southern Africa you arrive at the lodge (by plane, road transfer or even self-drive) and then you are in the care of the camp’s game rangers. They, and their trackers, are your guides for the next few days until you head off to another camp.


4) Safari Vehicles

The classic safari image from East Africa is of a closed vehicle with large windows and a pop up roof that allows you can stand up and look out of the roof. These are a much more practical vehicle for long-distance travelling, which you often do in East Africa (see Style of Safari above). You can travel faster on public roads and it closes up for cold winter mornings.

It’s completely different from Southern African vehicles which are completely open-sided, with a shade roof in summer and open to the skies in winter.

Being based in the South, of course I think that the open vehicles are preferable. You feel closer to the game, you can take excellent photographs without having to stand up and of course it’s much better for birding in the winter months when the roof is off (you can get away with these more open vehicles because you are not travelling for hours from one reserve to the next in them).




5) Guiding

This is a hotly debated point so I won’t dwell too much on it but the guiding is probably more consistently good in Southern Africa. This is not to say there aren’t world class guides in East Africa as there are. BUT the guiding examinations are very tough in the South, especially so in Zimbabwe, and these well-trained guides are to be found all over Southern Africa.


6) Styles of lodges

The East African safari industry loves to say (somewhat disparagingly) that if you are interested in uber-luxury, you should head to South Africa. Certainly there is a grain of truth in that. The South African lodges such as Singita, Royal Malewane and Londolozi have set the bar high in terms of luxury, attentive service and the latest in interior design.

If none of this matters to you, then the more classic safari style of East Africa will do just fine (plus now some East African camps have joined the trend).

It’s also fair to say that there is a wider choice of safari lodges of all styles in South Africa: traditional, luxurious, tented, thatched lodge, even contemporary.




7) Climate

This is where an East Africa safari may have the edge. The further south you travel away from the equator, the more pronounced the seasons are. You start to see this in Malawi and Zambia. It becomes more noticeable in Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia, especially on a cold winter’s evening. But you really see it in South Africa which has a distinct winter, especially in the Cape. In the safari areas, the winter season is still the best safari time being the dry season. The days can be pleasant and warm (not stinking hot). But when night-time falls, suddenly all manner of clothing needs to go on from warm winter jackets to hats, even scarfs and gloves!

If you feel the cold, you may prefer the milder climatic changes of East Africa.


8) Value for money (South Africa and Namibia)

This is a big difference between South Africa (and Namibia) and the rest of Southern Africa and East Africa. South African game lodges are priced in Rands and everywhere else in Dollars. Which means, with the current weak Rand, that your money goes a lot further in South Africa.

Another reason why safaris in South Africa tend to be less expensive is that it usually costs less to get to the safari camps. In East Africa you have to either take a driver-guide or you have to take a charter flight. Charter flights are also an option in South Africa but the camps are also well-served by scheduled airlines which are usually more cost-effective and shorter, easier road transfers. Some of the lodges can even be accessed on a self-drive basis…

So in summary…

Plus points for East Africa

  • Wildebeest migration
  • The classic picture-postcard of Africa – wide savanna plains and acacia trees
  • Feels more wild than much of South Africa
  • Good year round climate
  • Can combine with Indian Ocean beaches year round




Plus points for Southern Africa

  • Wide range of terrain and scenery
  • Up close and personal predator sightings
  • Open 4×4 vehicles
  • Excellent general standard of guiding
  • Some of the most luxurious safari camps
  • Wide choice of camps to suit all pockets
  • Great food!
  • Diversity of activities – both safari and non-safari

Have fun deciding!


This article on the differences between a safari in East Africa and Southern Africa is courtesy of Cedarberg Africa

Cedarberg Africa is a travel and safari company specializing in Southern and East African tailor-made itineraries. As we have special rates with all the hotels and game lodges, booking through us will cost no more than booking direct, and sometimes less. So our expertise and knowledge comes at no extra cost to you!

Feel free to contact us if you want us to plan a personalized safari to either East Africa or Southern Africa.


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